Touring the Battlefield
Monterey Pass Battlefield Driving Tour:
The Monterey Pass Battlefield has several Civil War Wayside Exhibits
located at the Fountaindale Fire Department, Hawley Memorial Presbyterian
Church, Rolando Woods Park, Monterey Pass Battlefield
Park, Pen Mar Washington County Park and Leitersburg. MD. Touring the
battlefield takes about two to two and a half hours, and covers 20 miles
show casing key
portions of the battlefield, although much of the battlefield is in private
ownership. The best time of the year to tour the Monterey area is from
March to mid November. For more information, please download
the Monterey Pass Battlefield Driving Tour.
Trails not opened to
the public until later this year!
the Monterey Pass Battlefield Park:
Several interpretive trails will guide you through the battlefield park.
Touring the park on foot takes about two hours.
A. Located near here is Fairfield Gap,
where the Maria Furnace Road branched off from Furnace Road. It was there
that the Confederate wagon trains moved toward Monterey Pass. During the
battle of Monterey Pass, Confederate cavalry fought off a flanking attempt
to block the road. After the battle, two-thirds of the Confederate army
marched on Maria Furnace Road.
B. The 1st North Carolina Sharpshooters and
a detachment of Alabama troops stopped the wagon train here, and moved
forward to Monterey Pass to assist the Confederate cavalry.
C. After the Union cavalry broke through
the Confederate battle line at the tollhouse, it was here that the 1st
North Carolina Sharpshooters entered the fight and came under heavy
artillery fire from Penningtonís battery, deployed at the Monterey Pass
tollhouse. Realizing that Confederate infantry was pouring on the scene
from Maria Furnace Road, Kilpatrick ordered the rest of his cavalry down
the mountain to Ringgold, MD. With Monterey Pass secured, the Confederate
army continued itís withdrawal from Pennsylvania.
D. This area is where the Union cavalry
began getting bogged down in the fight. It was here, after midnight on
July 5, 1863, that much hand to hand combat took place. Due to the
terrain, the Union right flank would rest at the base of the hill in front
of you. Portions of the 1st Maryland Cavalry, Company B deployed here,
while the Confederates established a new battle line at the tollhouse.
E. It was here, where Colonel Russell Alger
realized that the bridge spanning Red Run was still intact. He asked for
reinforcements in order to make a charge on the Confederate position.
F. It was here, where Colonel Alger,
supported by a portion of the 6th Michigan Cavalry, formed a hasty battle
line that allowed the 1st West Virginia Cavalry and Company A of the 1st
Ohio Cavalry to charge the Confederate battle line and attack the wagon
train at 3:30 a.m.
Touring the Retreat from Gettysburg:
Download the Civil War Trails map of the Pennsylvania Campaign. This
will guide you along the major sites of the Confederate Retreat from Gettysburg
and the Union Pursuit.