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Touring the Battlefield

Monterey Pass Battlefield Driving Tour: The Monterey Pass Battlefield Park has several additional Civil War wayside exhibits located at the Fountaindale Fire Department, Hawley Memorial Presbyterian Church, Pen Mar Washington County Park and Leitersburg. MD.

Touring the battlefield takes about two to two and a half hours, and covers 20 miles show casing key portions of the battlefield, although much of the battlefield is in private ownership. The best time of the year to tour the Monterey area is from March to mid November. For more information, please download the Monterey Pass Battlefield Driving Tour.

Trails not opened to the public until later this year!

Hiking the Monterey Pass Battlefield Park: Several interpretive trails will guide you through the battlefield park. Touring the park on foot takes about three hours.

A. Located near here is Fairfield Gap, where the Maria Furnace Road branched off from Furnace Road. It was there that the Confederate wagon trains moved toward Monterey Pass. During the battle of Monterey Pass, Confederate cavalry fought off a flanking attempt to block the road. After the battle, two-thirds of the Confederate army marched on Maria Furnace Road.

B. The 1st North Carolina Sharpshooters and a detachment of Alabama troops stopped the wagon train here, and moved forward to Monterey Pass to assist the Confederate cavalry.

C. After the Union cavalry broke through the Confederate battle line at the tollhouse, it was here that the 1st North Carolina Sharpshooters entered the fight and came under heavy artillery fire from Penningtonís battery, deployed at the Monterey Pass tollhouse. Realizing that Confederate infantry was pouring on the scene from Maria Furnace Road, Kilpatrick ordered the rest of his cavalry down the mountain to Ringgold, MD. With Monterey Pass secured, the Confederate army continued itís withdrawal from Pennsylvania.

D. This area is where the Union cavalry began getting bogged down in the fight. It was here, after midnight on July 5, 1863, that much hand to hand combat took place. Due to the terrain, the Union right flank would rest at the base of the hill in front of you. Portions of the 1st Maryland Cavalry, Company B deployed here, while the Confederates established a new battle line at the tollhouse.

E. It was here, where Colonel Russell Alger realized that the bridge spanning Red Run was still intact. He asked for reinforcements in order to make a charge on the Confederate position.

F. It was here, where Colonel Alger, supported by a portion of the 6th Michigan Cavalry, formed a hasty battle line that allowed the 1st West Virginia Cavalry and Company A of the 1st Ohio Cavalry to charge the Confederate battle line and attack the wagon train at 3:30 a.m.

Touring the Retreat from Gettysburg: Download the Civil War Trails map of the Pennsylvania Campaign. This will guide you along the major sites of the Confederate Retreat from Gettysburg and the Union Pursuit.